Norovirus and Enterovirus in Drinking Water by qPCR

Norovirus and Enterovirus in Drinking Water by High Throughput DNA Sequencing (HTDS) and qPCR


According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, a norovirus is a single-stranded RNA virus that is the leading cause of acute gastroenteritis or “food poisoning” in the United States. Norovirus outbreaks are common on cruise ships and in long-term care facilities. People are most commonly infected by noroviruses from fecally contaminated food or water. This makes it important to test water for noroviruses, especially if your water has tested positive for fecal contamination.


According to the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Enteroviruses can cause anywhere from 10 to 15 million infections every year. These infections range in type and severity from viral conjunctivitis to viral meningitis. One way that people become infected with an enterovirus is by consuming contaminated water.

Nova is one of only a few labs in the United States that were chosen by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to perform norovirus and enterovirus testing for the Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule 3 (UCMR3). We are capable of performing High Throughput DNA Sequencing and quantitative polymerase chain reactions (qPCR) that amplify the nucleic acid sequences of selected viruses. This allows Nova to detect very low levels of genomic copies per liter in each sample. Our testing procedure and equipment are on the cutting edge in this field, and we are well qualified to process your samples.

In addition to norovirus and enterovirus water testing, Nova is also capable of testing for four microbial indicators. These microbial indicator tests include total coliforms and E. coli by utilizing SM9223B/Colilert, Enterococci utilizing Enterolert/ ASTM D6503-14, and aerobic spores utilizing SM 9218B.

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